Fusion Links

1 - General

The Controlled Fusion Atomic Data Center

The mission of the Controlled Fusion Atomic Data Center (CFADC) is to compile, evaluate, recommend, and disseminate atomic and molecular collision data relevant to fusion energy research and development. The CFADC is supported through the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Fusion Energy Sciences, and is part of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Physics Division.

EFDA - European Fusion Development Agreement

The European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) is an agreement between European fusion research institutions and the European Commission to strengthen their coordination and collaboration, and to participate in collective activities. Its activities include fusion technology research and development, the exploitation of the world's largest fusion experiment, the Joint European Torus (JET) in the UK, and contributions to international collaborations such as the ITER-project.

EU Fusion Program

Aim of the key action: to further develop the necessary basis for a decision on and the possible construction of an experimental reactor, as well as basic concepts and technologies required in the longer term.

FusEdWeb - Fusion Energy Educational Web Site

Educational resources on fusion energy.

Inertial Fusion Energy: a Tutorial on the Technology and Economics

Scientists have conceived of a number of approaches to harness fusion--the source of energy that heats the stars--as a future nonpolluting energy source. These web pages explore one potential route, called inertial confinement fusion, providing a largely nontechnical introduction to the technology.

IPPEX - Internet Plasma Physics Education Site

This site contains Interactive Plasma Physics Topics, ranging from electricity, magnetism, energy, and fusion. Please visit the "Virtual Tokamak" and our "Virtual Magnetic Stability Module" to learn about Plasma and Fusion Containment.

Plasma Dictionary

The Plasma Dictionary website is based on the Fusion & Plasma Glossary that was originally created on FusEdWeb, Fusion Energy Educational Website which has additional introductory information on plasma and fusion science).

The Quest for Fusion Energy

The Canadian Nuclear Society topical web page on fusion and fusion energy.

Virtual Tokamak

As part of the IPPEX project, this site is designed to illustrate the basic principles of magnetically confined fusion.

2 - Tokamaks

Currently in Operation


In operation since 1978

TEXTOR is a Tokamak Experiment for Technology Oriented Research in the field of plasma wall interaction. The scope not only includes a detailed analysis of particle and energy exchange between the plasma and the surrounding chamber but also involves active measures to optimize the first wall and the plasma boundary region in such a way that wall erosion, particle release and impurity influx to the plasma core are reduced to tolerable levels.


In operation since 1983

JET is situated in Oxfordshire, UK, at the Culham Science Centre. It is collectively used by EURATOM Associations from more than 20 European countries.The JET device is currently the world's largest Tokamak. The JET facilities include plasma heating systems capable of delivering up to 30 MW of power, an Active Gas Handling System and a Beryllium Handling Facility providing JET with a unique Tritium and Beryllium capability, respectively. Over the next few years JET's technical capabilities will be significantly enhanced in order to optimally support ITER's final detail design and in preparation for exploiting ITER.


In operation since 1985

The main objectives of JT-60 are: High ß, steady state research and their physics understandings and contribution to the construction and operation of the ITER, and the future DEMO reactor


In operation since late 1980s

The mission of the DIII-D Research Program is to establish the scientific basis for the optimization of the tokamak approach to fusion energy production. The DIII-D Program is a cornerstone element in the US national fusion program strategy.


In operation since 1990

The aim of the ASDEX Upgrade programme is to prepare the physics base for ITER and DEMO. Significant progress has been made in the operation with tungsten-clad walls, understanding of transport and impurity control, ELM mitigation by frequency control, and control of performance limiting instabilities. The improved H-mode (ITER "hybrid") operation was consolidated and extends beyond the ITER baseline specifications for nT? and the pulse length.

Alcator C-Mod

In operation since 1992

Alcator C-Mod project is unique in its dedication to compact size and high performance. It is the world's highest magnetic field tokamak plasma confinement experiment. As a result, Alcator experiments have performed at levels rivaling the largest fusion experiments in the world.


In operation since 1999

The MAST experiment has been in operation at Culham since 1999. It follows the highly successful START experiment (1991 - 1998), to further explore the spherical tokamak (ST) approach.


In operation since 1999

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) is an innovative magnetic fusion device that was constructed by the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in collaboration with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Columbia University, and the University of Washington at Seattle.



Start of operation expected in 2008

KSTAR : Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research.


Start of operation expected in 2016

ITER is an international tokamak (magnetic confinement fusion) research/engineering proposal which is intended to be an experimental project between today's studies of plasma physics and future electricity-producing fusion power plants. It will build upon research conducted with devices such as DIII-D, EAST, TFTR, JET, JT-60, and T-15, and will be considerably larger than any of them.


Currently being assembled

The Indian SST-1 tokamak belongs to a new generation of tokamaks with the major objective being steady state operation of an advanced configuration plasma.